– INTRODUCTION –
The Internet Of Things (IoT) is a term that is becoming increasingly used by the day. A key driver for the connectivity of things is the implementation of applications and services within all dimensions and focus areas of “Smart Cities”. One can easily conclude the obvious; it’s all about connecting “things” to the Internet. However, the term is rather broad in scope and pertains to multiple dimensions or generic areas, focus areas and vertical industries. For this reason the “things” to be connected may vary greatly. The intention of this paper is to inform the reader as to what these “things” really are, how they are to be connected, to what and how they benefit so called “Smart Cities”. To gain a glimpse of the scale of the subject, 1. 2.
But let’s start with the purpose behind connecting all these devices. A city can be defined as ‘smart’ when investments in human and social capital and traditional (transport) and modern (ICT) communication infrastructure fuel sustainable economic development and a high quality of life, with a wise management of natural resources, through participatory governance.
Although accurate, this is a rather complex definition to state that, basically, if we want to improve the way our cities work in all aspects, we need more modern and intelligent (smarter) infrastructure, services and applications. If we want for all this to happen we need more and better information (big and open data), we need automation, and we need centralized control and management of many systems. We need to leverage today’s edge technology.
So that we can better understand the scope of Smart Cities, let us look at the vision as defined with the city of Dubai and others, the picture below shows a classification of focus areas into virtual dimensions (generic areas of applicability used to group initatives):